31 With regard to his final point, namely the multilateral inconsistency between the EU`s rapid response to that of the United Nations, NATO and the African Union, koenig is the weakest: how can the EU`s incoherence be blamed for a lack of coherence within other organisations or with other members, even when memberships sometimes overlap? For example, in NATO, it is Turkish intransigence (and, of course, the tolerance of some EU member states) towards Cyprus that does not allow the cooperation agreement BETWEEN the EU and NATO Berlin Plus to work: and Turkey is not part of the EU. As for the AU and the Arab League, the former, as president, had the head of the. Libya! Again, how would the EU have changed such a situation with internal coherence or not? The Arab League is famous for its lack of influence due to its divisions on most international issues, including those concerning Arab states. Before the 2011 Libyan civil war, the EU and Libya were negotiating a cooperation agreement that was frozen.  The EU has pledged to impose sanctions due to the Libyan conflict, has provided assistance and some members have participated in military actions.  Fitzgerald, M., Toaldo, M. et al. (2016, December). A guide to the main Libyan actors. European Council for External Relations. Call for www.ecfr.eu/mena/mapping_libya_conflict # 32 21 February 2011, European Commission: Civil Protection Mechanism and Humanitarian Aid (two of its main emergency instruments); the evacuation of around 5 800 EU citizens; staff of the UNION`s external services deployed in Libya and its borders (Tunisia, Egypt, Algeria, Chad); A total of around €150 million by May 2011. The opening at the end of August 2011 of the EU Humanitarian Aid Office in Tripoli, inaugurated in November 2011 by High Representative Catherine Ashton as EU Delegation: eeas.europa.eu/libya/index_en.htm. For more details on the ENP and enPI, see: eeas.europa.eu/enp/index_en.htm – 3  eeas.europa.eu/csdp-missions-operations/eubam-libya/3859/about-eu-border-assistance-mission-libya-eubam_en Hall, r.
(31 March 2016). Libya now has three governments, none of which can really govern. Global Post. Call for www.pri.org/stories/2016-03-31/libya-now-has-three-governments-none-which-can-actually-govern 81 „The European Union Election Assessment Team Libya 2012“, eeas.europa.eu/eueom/missions/2012/libya/mission_en.htm. 16 From the end of 2010, the European Commission concluded a series of new bilateral agreements with the countries of the southern Mediterranean, including Libya. Negotiations between the EU and Libya for a framework agreement progressed26 when the „Arab Spring“ brought them to an abrupt end. The EU-Libya Cooperation Programme in the field of migration cooperation, signed on 5 October 2010 by Commissioners Mälstrom and Füle and the Libyan authorities, was therefore suspended on 22 February 2011. Al Jazeera. (2017, February 4). EU heads of state and government reach an agreement to stem the influx of refugees from Libya. .