In some cultures such as ancient Rome, the Father was required to give each daughter a dowry adapted to her means. If a father was unable to give an appropriate dowry for his daughter`s hand, a relative or family friend could offer to help them and provide the dowry on his behalf. Clause 4 states that anyone asking for dowry from a person has committed a crime. There is no provision in the law providing for a penalty in the event of abuse. Therefore, the law is often used by women to harass in-laws and husbands.  The English dowry system allowed most noble families to marry off their daughters and thus obtain extensive kinship and patronage ties. Married daughters were a precious asset to ambitious fathers, and the English aristocracy sent only a few of its legitimate daughters to monasteries.  While the dowry is given during marriage, it is ritually shown in the village in rural Egypt before marriage. Each piece of the Gehaz is placed on open cars that move several times around the village to music to show the dowry that the bride`s family gave to the groom.
  Gehaz-Antaktritual is also a means of improving the status of the bride in her new conjugal family. Centuries ago, Mahr and Sadaq meant something else in Morocco. Mahr was the purchase price that the groom`s family paid for the bride to the bride`s father or guardian, while Sadaq was the engagement gift offered by the groom to the bride.  Over time, the difference has disappeared and they are now one and the same thing, but different from the practice of dowry.  Issues that the husband often raises in dowry disputes The Hammurabi Code mentions the price of the bride in different laws as an established custom. It is not the payment of the bride`s price that is obligatory, but the regulation of different aspects: dowry rights are not always limited to gifts offered to the wife by her family, which can be provided according to the high demands of the husband or his family. The woman`s family may feel compelled to yield to claims to „a high dowry,“ lest the marriage take place otherwise. . . .